Costs of Animal and Non-Animal Testing

Knowledge Source Identification
Knowledge source name Costs of Animal and Non-Animal Testing
Owner/Developer Humane Society International
Abbreviated owner HSI
Country United States of America
Languages English
Description Some animal tests take months or years to conduct and analyze (e.g., 4-5 years, in the case of rodent cancer studies), at a cost of hundreds of thousands—and sometimes millions—of dollars per substance examined (e.g., $2 to $4 million per two-species lifetime cancer study). The inefficiency and exorbitant costs associated with animal testing makes it impossible for regulators to adequately evaluate the potential effects of the more than 100,000 chemicals currently in commerce worldwide, let alone study the effects of myriad combinations of chemicals to which humans and wildlife are exposed, at low doses, every day throughout our lives. In contrast, computer modeling techniques are lightning-fast, and many cell-based in vitro methods are amenable to “high throughput” automation using robotics—all at a much lower cost than animal tests.
Knowledge Source Category
Category Publication
Sub categories Press release
Knowledge Dissemination and Sharing
Dissemination channel Website, Social media
Targeted audience (specified/objective analysis) General public, Scientists, Industry, Researchers
Users access Open access
Knowledge Characterization
3Rs relevance Replacement, Reduction, Refinement
Purpose Documentation and information
Technology/Tools Alternative test methods (in vitro), Non-testing methods (in silico), Animal testing (in vivo)