More Knowledge with Fewer Animals

Knowledge Source Identification
Knowledge source name More Knowledge with Fewer Animals
Abbreviated name MKMD
Owner/Developer The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development
Abbreviated owner ZonMw
Country Netherlands
Languages Dutch, English
Contact Erica van Oort
Contact email
Description The Programme 'More Knowledge with Fewer Animals' (known by the Dutch Acronym MKMD) aims to accelerate developments in '3R Alternatives' of animal testing: Replacement, Reduction and Refinement. ZonMw is commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs to carry out the MKMD programme. By closely working together with scientific institutions, animal welfare societies, patient organizations, industry, regulatory agencies and health funds, ZonMw aims to realize the joint ambitions and commitment to find alternatives for animal testing.
Knowledge Source Category
Category Research Program/Project/Grant
Sub categories National / Regional Program
Knowledge Dissemination and Sharing
Dissemination channel Website
Targeted audience (specified/objective analysis) Scientists, Regulators, Industry
Knowledge Characterization
3Rs relevance Replacement, Reduction, Refinement
Purpose Education and training, Method development, Funding